Natural gas code violates state law
Last updated 1/3/2024 at 11:10am
Washington’s State Building Code Council has once again adopted rules designed to eliminate natural gas energy for new residential and commercial construction. The original proposal was modified when a similar regulation adopted by the city of Berkeley, Calif., was overturned by the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Like the previous version, the new rules were pushed through the process without providing adequate information about the costs of the new regulations.
For example, the preliminary cost benefit analysis for the changes in the energy code is required to demonstrate that “that the rule being adopted is the least burdensome alternative for those required to comply with it that will achieve the general goals and specific objectives stated.”
Instead of considering the burden, the proponents simply claim, “There are no alternatives to this procedure. If the rule is not adopted, there may be a violation of federal law. If this code were amended to be less stringent, it would be a violation of the state law, RCW 19.27A.045, which will affect the promotion of energy efficiency and safety in buildings consistent with accepted standards.”
There are, of course, many ways to meet the goals. The proponents’ own language demonstrates that.
They claim there “may” be a violation of federal law but are unsure. The cited RCW only requires that “increase the energy efficiency of newly constructed residential buildings.”
The proponents’ claim that any alternative would be “less stringent” is incorrect. There are alternatives that would achieve the goal of increased efficiency at lower cost. The obligation of the agency is to provide evidence that they considered alternatives, not to glibly claim there are no other possible options.
For example, RCW 19.27A.160 (2) makes it clear that “If the council determines that economic, technological, or process factors would significantly impede adoption of or compliance with this subsection, the council may defer the implementation of the proposed energy code update and shall report its findings to the legislature by December 31st of the year prior to the year in which those codes would otherwise be enacted.”
The council could have deferred implementation.
That isn’t the only problem.
The small business economic impact statement included in the filing for new residential and commercial energy code rules fail to completely provide the required information and violates state requirements.
Under Washington’s Regulatory Fairness Act, agencies like the SBCC are required to complete an SBEIS, “If the proposed rule will impose more than minor costs on businesses in an industry.”
The law requires that the impact statements include an analysis of the cost of compliance, the impact on businesses’ revenue and impact on jobs.
Nowhere do the proponents calculate the impacts required in law.
The statement does not provide evidence about “whether compliance with the rule will cause businesses to lose sales or revenue,” as required in RCW 19.85.040(1). It does not analyze the “costs of equipment, supplies, labor, professional services, and increased administrative costs.”
There is no information about the “estimate of the number of jobs that will be created or lost,” as required in subsection (2)(d). Additionally, there is no comparison of the cost of compliance between small business and the largest business required to comply with the rules, using one of the following metrics: cost per employee, cost per hour of labor, or cost per one hundred dollars of sales.
These are not optional. The RCW says “A small business economic impact statement must include” these elements (emphasis added).
As a result of these shortcomings, Washington Policy Center has filed an appeal to the State Building Code Council, asking it to repeal the rule. At the very least, the State Building Code Council should comply with the law.
— Todd Myers is the director at the Washington Policy Center’s Center for the Environment. Email him at [email protected].